Symbols simply refer to a word, mark or sign that represents a relationship, object or an idea. Symbols sometimes could be Landmarks as well. It cannot thus be overemphasized that symbolism is the use of symbols to give a deeper and more significant meaning.
In Nigeria, we have some National symbols that seeks to identify National beliefs and values. Below are the top 10 National symbols and a brief information about them.
● Nigeria’s Coat of arm :- The Nigeria’s coat of arm was created under the Coat of Arms Ordinance 48 of 1960, It became an official symbol in 1975. It consists of a “black” shield which represents the fertility of the Nigerian soil, A “Y” on the black shield which represents the rivers Niger and Benue, Two white horses at both ends of the shield which represents dignity and pride of the Nigerian Nation, An eagle on the shield which stands for pride of the Nation. The Nigerian motto “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress” printed on the banner. Since 1978, these words were coined for public use. Previously, Nigeria’s motto consisted of the following terms: Peace, Unity, and Freedom.
● Nigeria’s Flag :- The Nigeria’s flag was first designed in 1959 and first used officially on October 1st 1960. It has two colors “green and white”. The two green stripes represents Nigeria’s natural wealth while the one white stripe represents peace. It was designed by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi.
● The National Anthem :- The national Anthem of any country represents the tradition, belief and history of a particular nation or state. The first Nigerian National Anthem “Nigeria, we hail thee” was used from 1960- 1978. “Arise O compatriots” was adopted in 1978 and is still used till date.
● The National pledge :- The Nigerian National Pledge was created by an eminent Nigeria; Prof (Mrs.) Felicia Adebola Adedoyin in 1976. “I pledge to Nigeria my country, to be faithful, loyal and honest. To serve Nigeria will all my strength, to defend her unity, uphold her honour and glory, so help me God.” It is a solemn oath.
● The seal of the President: – The Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the official symbol of the Nigerian President. It was first used in 1979 by President Shehu Shagari. It is used on documents from the president to Parliament, and as a symbol on presidential vehicles, lecterns, and other places.
● The Nigeria Currency (Naira) :- The Naira is the currency of the Federal republic of Nigeria, The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is the sole issuer of legal tender money throughout the Nigerian Federation. The banknotes are : ₦5, ₦10, ₦20, ₦50, ₦100, ₦200, ₦500, ₦1000
● The Nigeria Armed Forces :- The Nigeria Armed forces include Nigerian Navy, Nigerian Army and Nigerian air force. Its commander in chief is usually the President of the federal republic of Nigeria which is currently President Muhammadu Buhari
● National Flower :- The national flower of the country is Costus Spectabili, it is also called Yellow Trumpet. This flower can be found all over the country.It symbolizes the beauty of the nation, its uniqueness, and prosperity
● The Nigerian oil: Oil is the center of the Nigerian economy and the state’s most important export product. It is a symbol of Nigeria’s wealth in resources.
● The Nigeria’s President : The Nigeria’s President is often refered to as the Number 1 citizen of the Federal republic of Nigeria. He represents the general Nigeria population opinion within and outside the country.